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在医院里讲故事,让住院儿童生理心理都受益

已有 115 次阅读2021-12-5 14:50 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

在医院里讲故事,让住院儿童生理心理都受益

 

原标题:故事会增加住院儿童的催产素水平和积极情绪、降低起的皮质醇水平和疼痛

Storytelling increases oxytocin and positive emotions and decreases cortisol and pain in hospitalized children

 

原载《美国国家科学院院刊》(PNAS)2021年6月第118卷第22期

<Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America>, 2021,118 (22)

 

【摘要】讲故事是一种独特的人类特征,它可能在人类在整个进化过程中结合和驾驭具有挑战性的社会环境的能力方面发挥了重要作用。然而,讲故事对调节生理和心理功能的潜在影响很少受到关注。我们调查了听讲故事的人的叙述是否可以对入住重症监护病房的儿童产生有益的影响。生物标志物(催产素和皮质醇)、疼痛评分和心理语言学关联在讲故事和主动控制干预(解决也涉及社会互动但缺乏沉浸式叙事方面的谜语)之前和之后立即收集。与对照组相比,讲故事组的儿童在干预30分钟后表现出催产素的显着增加和唾液中皮质醇的减少。在描述他们在医院的时间时,他们还报告说疼痛减轻了,并使用了更多积极的词汇标记。我们的研究结果为讲故事的短期益处提供了心理生理学基础,并表明简单且廉价的干预可能有助于缓解住院儿童在干预当天的身心痛苦。

【关键词】叙述;评书;催产素;皮质醇;LIWC

 

[Abstract] Storytelling is a distinctive human characteristic that may have played a fundamental role in humans’ ability to bond and navigate challenging social settings throughout our evolution. However, the potential impact of storytelling on regulating physiological and psychological functions has received little attention. We investigated whether listening to narratives from a storyteller can provide beneficial effects for children admitted to intensive care units. Biomarkers (oxytocin and cortisol), pain scores, and psycholinguistic associations were collected immediately before and after storytelling and an active control intervention (solving riddles that also involved social interaction but lacked the immersive narrative aspect). Compared with the control group, children in the storytelling group showed a marked increase in oxytocin combined with a decrease in cortisol in saliva after the 30-min intervention. They also reported less pain and used more positive lexical markers when describing their time in hospital. Our findings provide a psychophysiological basis for the short-term benefits of storytelling and suggest that a simple and inexpensive intervention may help alleviate the physical and psychological pain of hospitalized children on the day of the intervention.

[Key words] narratives; storytelling; oxytocin; cortisol; LIWC

 

本中文解析是针对论文《故事会增加住院儿童的催产素水平和积极情绪、降低起的皮质醇水平和疼痛(Storytelling increases oxytocin and positive emotions and decreases cortisol and pain in hospitalized children)》的一篇论文解析,该论文于2021年6月发表于《美国国家科学院院刊》(Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)第118卷第22期上,研究者包括巴西ABC联邦大学的Guilherme Brockington, 巴西Mogi das Cruzes 大学的Ana Paula Gomes Moreira, 巴西联邦圣保罗大学的Maria Stephani Buso, 以及Sérgio Gomes da Silva, Edgar Altszyler, Ronald Fischer和Jorge Moll。


(中文解析见《华人心理健康报》2021年12月5日PDF版)


论文原文:Brockington, G., Moreira, A. P. G., Buso, M.S., da Silva, S. G., Altszyler, E., Fischer, R., & Moll, J. (2021).Storytelling increases oxytocin and positive emotions and decreases cortisol and pain in hospitalized children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(22).  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2018409118

 

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