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中国画欣赏新译 9

热度 1已有 540 次阅读2012-1-8 21:55 |个人分类:顾绍骅艺术观点与作品|系统分类:科技教育| 中国画, 诗情画意 分享到微信

六、      中国画的“品位”
6, the Chinese Painting "grade"
绘画是有层次和品位的。中国古代画论把画品分为许多层次,一般而言,妙品比能品为高,而神品又比妙品为高,高水平的画家当然应该追求最高层次一一神品。而神品又必须以能品和妙品为基础,连能品都达不到,怎么能成为妙品呢?同理,连妙品都达不到,又怎么能成为神品呢?可见。神品离不开能品和妙品,能品和妙品是神品的必要准备和必要条件,而神品是能品和妙品的最高归宿:
Painting is the level and quality。 Ancient Chinese paintings on the painting materials divided into many levels, in general, the wonderful work than the usual works, and works magic than wonderful works of high-and high-level artists should pursue the highest levels of course - the magic works 。 The magic works also need to work normally and wonderful works for the foundation, even the works are usually can not, how to become a wonderful works? ?The same token, even the beauty of the works are not, how can we become It works magic ?visible。 The magic of goods to and inseparable from the works of wonderful works, usually works and wonderful work is the magic works and the necessary preparations for the necessary conditions, and the magic works is usually works and the wonderful works of the highest results:
凡是艺术作品,都由三个层次组成。第一个层次是艺术语言。它是艺术作品的形式层面,主要包括艺术语言和形式结构。也就是各门艺术独特的表现方式和手段。在绘画中主要指线条、笔墨、色彩、构图。中国画欣赏新译     9_图1-1
All works of art, are composed of three levels。 The first level is the artistic language。 It is works of art in the form of levels, including the structure and form of artistic language。 Is the unique performance art methods and means。 In the main means of painting lines, a brush with Mose's "Kung Fu", color, structure, and so on。
这些艺术语言,不但是创造艺术形象的表现方式和手段,而且本身就具有独立的审美价值;艺术语言的运用高低,对创造艺术形象起着直接的作用,艺术家正是通过艺术语言,塑造出各种各样的艺术形象、并表达出艺术家对生活和自然的独特体验和感受。中国画欣赏新译     9_图1-2
These artistic language is not only the image of performance art to create ways and means, but in itself is independent of the aesthetic value of the use of high and low language arts, the creation of artistic image plays a direct role, artists, it is through language arts, to shape the The image of various kinds of art and artists to express their natural life and the unique experience and feelings。
由于艺术语言在艺术作品中有着极其重要的作用,所以各门艺术都十分重视对艺术语言的研完和运用,也都十分重视艺术语言的创新和探索。艺术作品的第二个层次是艺术形象,它是艺术作品的内容美。美术作品主要塑造视觉形象、它直接付诸欣赏者的视觉感官、因而特别富有直观性、生动性、具体性。中国画欣赏新译     9_图1-3
As artistic language in works of art have a vital role, so the art attached great importance to the art of language study and use End, also attached great importance to innovation and artistic language of exploration。 Works of art to the second level is the artistic image, it is the content of works of art the United States。 The major works of visual art shaping the image, put it directly to enjoy the visual senses, especially with so intuitive, vivid and concrete。
在艺术作品中,艺术形象是艺术作品的核心和关键。在绘画中。不能为笔墨而笔墨,也不能为艺术语言而艺术语言,艺术语言最终是为了塑造艺术形象,而艺术意蕴也是蕴藏在艺术形象之中的,从这个意义上讲有艺术形象就没有艺术作品。艺术形象越鲜明、越典型,艺术作品就越有生命力;艺术家的使命之一,就是要塑造典型、鲜明、生动、优美的艺术形象。艺术形象不仅具有具体可感的形象性,而且要具有典型性和概括性,它把无比丰富的生活用典型化的手法概括到形象之中。中国画欣赏新译     9_图1-4
In works of art, the art works of art image is the core and key。 In Painting。 Not for the ink and pen and ink, we can not search for the arts and language arts, language arts is to create the ultimate image of the arts, and the Meaning of Art also contains the image of the arts, in this sense there will be no image of art works of art。 The distinctive artistic image, the more typical, works of art the more vitality; one of the artist's mission is to create a typical, clear, vivid and beautiful image of the art。 Art not only has the image of concrete sense of the image, but also a typical and all-embracing, the very rich life with the typical image of the way to summarize。
艺术形象又具有情感性和思想性。在艺术形象中,必须融进艺术家的喜怒爱憎,渗透进艺术家对生活的思考和评价。艺术形象还具有审美意丈,它凝聚着艺术家审美理想和审美情趣,闪耀着艺术创造的光辉,能给欣赏者以美的享受。作为美术家不但要追求以艺术语言为主的形式美,还要进一步追求以艺术形象为主的内容美,从艺术层次来讲,内容美比形式美更高更难。当然,内容美又脱离不开形式美,世上没有无形式的内容,一定的内容总是要通过一定的形式才能表现出来,形式美是内容美的必要条件和必要准备,而内容美又是形式美的目的和归宿。中国画欣赏新译     9_图1-5
Art image but also has emotion and thought。 In the artistic image, to be incorporated into the artist's happy, angry, loved, hated the feeling of living artists infiltration into the thinking and evaluation。 Artistic image of Zhang Yi also has aesthetic, it embodied artists aesthetic ideal and aesthetic appeal, which radiates with the brilliant artistic creation, who can appreciate the enjoyment to the United States。 As the artists not only to the pursuit of artistic language mainly to the formal beauty, but also to further the pursuit of artistic image of the United States-based content, from the level of art terms, as the United States and higher than the formal beauty even more difficult。 Of course, inseparable from the content from the United States and formal beauty, there is no such form without content, content is always certain to pass some form of order shown, the content of formal beauty is a necessary condition for the United States and the necessary preparations, but the content is the form of the United States The purpose of the United States and the end result。










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