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你理解我们吗?感知被理解影响群际关系的研究

已有 77 次阅读2021-5-27 17:25 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:时尚天地分享到微信

你理解我们吗?感知被理解影响群际关系的研究

Do youget us? a multi-experiment, meta-analytic test of the effect of feltunderstanding in intergroup relations

 

Andrew G. LivingstoneStacey WindeattLaura Nesbittet al

 

摘要】感知被理解是积极的人际关系的关键决定因素,但它在群体间关系中的作用和潜在的利益却被忽略了。在第一个对其小组效应进行预先研究的多项研究中,我们在六项研究(N = 1195)中操纵了小组间感知被理解(理解为对小组的理解与误解),并进行了荟萃分析。大多数群体间情境的结果支持这样的预测,即理解感(相对于误解)将导致更积极的群体间取向(r = 0.25)和行动意图(r = 0.12)。这些影响与外来群体喜欢的感觉不同,后者在每项研究中均得到了控制。一个重要的警告是,当外来群体的能力通常定型较低,但温暖度较高(老年人)时,感知被理解操纵的作用就会逆转。总体而言,研究结果表明,将感知被理解纳入群体间关系模型以及如何改善这些关系的价值。

关键词】感知被理解;团体间关系;冲突;元感知;感知被喜欢

 

Abstract: Felt understanding is a key determinant of positiveinter-personal relations, but its role and potential benefits in intergrouprelations have been neglected. In the first multi-study, pre-registered test ofits intergroup effects, we manipulated intergroup felt understanding(understood vs. misunderstood by an outgroup) in six studies (N=1195) andmeta-analyzed its effects. The results in most intergroup contexts supportedthe prediction that feeling understood (vs. misunderstood) would lead to morepositive intergroup orientations (r=0.25) and action intentions (r=0.12). Theseeffects were distinct from the effects of feeling liked by an outgroup, whichwas also manipulated in each study. An important caveat was that the feltunderstanding manipulation's effect reversed when the outgroup wasstereotypically low in competence, but high in warmth (older adults). Overall,the findings indicate the value of incorporating felt understanding into   models of intergroup relations and how thoserelations can be improved.

Key words: Felt understanding; Intergroup relations; Conflict; Meta-perceptions;Felt liking


论文原文:Livingstone,A. G. , Windeatt, S. , Nesbitt, L. , Kerry, J. , Barr, S. A. , & Ashman, L., et al. (2020). Do you get us? a multi-experiment, meta-analytic test of theeffect of felt understanding in intergroup relations. Journal of ExperimentalSocial Psychology, (91). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2020.104028











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