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探索父母和青少年性健康交流频率、质量和内容报告中的父母性别差异 ... ...

已有 202 次阅读2022-1-5 17:25 |个人分类:性学、性健康、性教育|系统分类:家庭生活分享到微信

探索父母和青少年性健康交流频率、质量和内容报告中的父母性别差异

 

Exploring Parent-gender Differences in Parent and Adolescent Reports of the Frequency, Quality, and Content of Their Sexual Health Communication

 

——原载美国《性研究杂志》2022年第59卷第1期——

<The Journal of Sex Research>, 2022, 59 (1)

 

【摘要】父母-青少年性健康交流(SHC)是一种保护因素,可以减少不良的青少年性健康结果,SHC的频率、质量和内容可以预测其有效性。然而,关于这一主题的研究范围有限,主要集中在母亲身上;并且通常只包括父母或青少年的观点,而不是二元组的两个成员。本研究使用二次横断面数据,使用ANCOVA、逻辑回归、相关性和卡方分析来调查父母-青少年SHC中父母-性别的差异。参与者包括341名家长和青少年。与父亲相比,母亲认为父母-青少年时期的SHC更重要、更舒适,对SHC的自我效能感更高,对SHC的保留也比父亲少。与父亲相比,母亲们还报告说,与孩子谈论性健康的频率更高、范围更广。除了一个性健康话题外,父母-青少年SHC的青少年报告频率、质量和内容在父母性别方面没有显着差异。二元分析显示,与父亲和孩子相比,母亲和他们的孩子在他们关于父母-青少年SHC的报告中更倾向于同意。这些发现表明,父亲可能需要额外的资源来帮助他们自信地参与有效的父母-青少年SHC。

 

[Abstract] Parent-adolescent sexual health communication (SHC) is a protective factor that can reduce adverse adolescent sexual health outcomes, and the frequency, quality, and content of SHC predicts its effectiveness. However, research on this topic has been limited in scope, overwhelmingly focused on mothers; and often has only included the parent or adolescent perspective, not both members of the dyad. Using secondary cross-sectional data, this study used ANCOVA, logistic regression, correlational, and chi-square analyses to investigate parent-gender differences in parent-adolescent SHC. Participants included 341 parent-adolescent dyads. Compared to fathers, mothers rated parent-adolescent SHC as more important and more comfortable, and had greater self-efficacy for and fewer reservations about SHC than fathers. Mothers also reported talking more frequently and more broadly with their child about sexual health than fathers. Adolescent-reported frequency, quality, and content of parent-adolescent SHC did not differ significantly by parent gender, except for one sexual health topic. Dyadic analyses revealed that mothers and their children tended to agree more in their reports of parent-adolescent SHC than fathers and their children. These findings suggest that fathers may need additional resources to help them confidently engage in effective parent-adolescent SHC.

 

论文原文:Tracy M. Scull, Alexandra E. Carl, Elyse M. Keefe & Christina V. Malik (2022). Exploring Parent-gender Differences in Parent and Adolescent Reports of the Frequency, Quality, and Content of Their Sexual Health Communication. The Journal of Sex Research, 2022, 59 (1) : 122-134.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2021.1936439












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