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为患有神经发育障碍的成年人制定社会性教育计划

已有 129 次阅读2022-7-14 15:33 |个人分类:性学、性健康、性教育|系统分类:时尚天地分享到微信

为患有神经发育障碍的成年人制定社会性教育计划

The development of a social-sexual education program for adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities: starting the discussion


——原载《性与残疾》杂志202276日网络版——

<Sexuality and Disability>, Published: July 6, 2022


【摘要】患有神经发育障碍的人,包括智力障碍和自闭症,希望建立关系,但很少有人获得以安全和有意义的方式建立这些关系的工具和机会。这种建立关系的强烈愿望,加上获得信息的机会减少,使患有神经发育障碍的人成为性侵害和性剥削的目标,以及表现出出乎意料或冒犯他人的社交性行为的风险很高。长期以来,研究表明,智障人士遭受性侵犯的比率远高于普通人群。此外,智障和自闭症患者由于意外的社交性行为而错过就业、住房和社交机会是很常见的。为了满足他们的这一需求,研究小组开发了社会性教育(SSE)计划,以教导患有神经发育障碍的人如何建立安全和有意义的关系,同时向他们提供有关性侵害和胁迫的信息。我们招募了有执照的专业人员对SSE计划进行试点测试,然后我们使用定量和定性方法评估了该工具。我们的研究结果为SSE计划提供了初步支持。讨论了影响和未来的方向。
【关键词】神经发育障碍,智力障碍,自闭症,关系,性,社会性教育,美国

[Abstract] People with neurodevelopmental disabilities, including intellectual disabilities and autism, want to have relationships but few are given the tools and opportunity to create those relationships in a safe and meaningful way. This strong desire to have relationships, coupled with reduced access to information, puts people with neurodevelopmental disabilities at high risk for being targets of sexual abuse and exploitation, as well as demonstrating social-sexual behavior that is unexpected or offensive to others. Research has long demonstrated that people with intellectual disabilities are sexually assaulted at much higher rates than the general population. In addition, it is common for people with intellectual disabilities and autism to miss out on employment, housing, and social opportunities due to unexpected social-sexual behaviors. To address this need, the research team developed the social-sexual education (SSE) program to teach people with neurodevelopmental disabilities how to create safe and meaningful relationships while also giving them information about sexual abuse and coercion. We recruited licensed professionals to pilot test the SSE program, and then we evaluated the tool using quantitative and qualitative methods. Our findings provide preliminary support for the SSE program. Implications and future directions are discussed.
[Key words] Neurodevelopmental disabilities, Intellectual disabilities, Autism, Relationships, Sexuality, Social-sexual education, United States

论文原文:Kathryn Pedgrift & Nicole Sparapani (2022). The development of a social-sexual education program for adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities: starting the discussion. Sexuality and Disability, Published: July 6.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-022-09743-1

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