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认知闭合的需要预测了大学生在COVID-19大流行期间的压力和焦虑 ... ...

热度 1已有 106 次阅读2022-11-14 16:42 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

认知闭合的需要预测了大学生在COVID-19大流行期间的压力和焦虑

Need for cognitive closure predicts stress and anxiety of college students during COVID-19 pandemic


——原载《人格与个体差异》20223月第187卷——

<Personality and Individual Differences> 187, March 2022


【摘要】COVID-19大流行对心理健康造成了巨大损失。与大流行相关的前所未有的不确定性可能是压力和焦虑的一个促成因素,尤其是在对不确定性高度不容忍的人中(Rettie & Daniels2021)。认知闭合需求的个体差异也与不可预测情况下的精神困扰有关(Berenbaum 等,2008)。本研究检验了一个假设,即高度需要认知闭合的个体在COVID-19大流行期间会经历相对较高的压力和焦虑。大学生 (N=400) 完成了一个简化的封闭需求量表(Roets & Van Hiel2011)、广泛性焦虑障碍量表(Spitzer 等人,2006)和简要感知压力量表(Cohen & 威廉姆森,1988)。结果支持了对认知闭合的高度需求与更高水平的压力和焦虑之间的假设关系。调查结果与在 COVID-19 大流行期间心理压力加大的大学生有关。
【关键词】焦虑;COVID-19大流行;大学生;不确定性的不容忍;认知闭合需要;压力。

[Abstract] The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a massive toll on mental well-being. The unprecedented level of uncertainty associated with the pandemic may be a contributing factor to stress and anxiety, especially among individuals with high intolerance to uncertainty (Rettie & Daniels, 2021). Individual differences in need for cognitive closure have also been linked to mental distress during unpredictable situations (Berenbaum et al., 2008). The present study tested the hypothesis that individuals with a high need for cognitive closure would experience relatively higher stress and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. College students (N=400) completed an abbreviated Need for Closure Scale (Roets & Van Hiel, 2011), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (Spitzer et al., 2006), and the short-version of the Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen & Williamson, 1988). Results supported the hypothesized relationship between high need for cognitive closure and higher levels of stress and anxiety. Findings have relevance to college students who are experiencing heightened psychological stress during the COVID-19 pandemic.
[Key words] Anxiety; COVID-19 pandemic; College students; Intolerance to uncertainty; Need for cognitive closure; Stress.

这篇论文解析是针对论文《认知闭合的需要预测了 COVID-19 大流行期间大学生的压力和焦虑》(Need for cognitive closure predicts stress and anxiety of college students during COVID-19 pandemic)的一篇论文解析,该论文于20223月发表于《人格与个体差异》(Personality and Individual Differences)。该研究作者为美国密歇根大学安娜堡分校Holly A. White

(论文解析见《华人心理健康报》20221114PDF版)


论文原文:Holly A.White (2022). Need for cognitive closure predicts stress and anxiety of college students during COVID-19 pandemic. Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 187, March 2022.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111393

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