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中国画欣赏新译 11

热度 1已有 740 次阅读2012-1-9 01:50 |个人分类:顾绍骅艺术观点与作品|系统分类:科技教育| 中国画, 诗情画意 分享到微信

七、    一点(今后的)思考
7, thought for the future
中国画艺术是东方文化宝库中的一颗璀灿明珠,古往今来,它一直在向前发展,犹如一条长河,虽有时狂暴湍急,有时滞流平缓,但从没发生断流,它一直在发展中 向前、向前,终于汇成今天这样一条浩浩荡荡的艺术大河,中国画的发展中凝聚了多少代画人探索奋斗的结晶,这需要每一位有志于中国画中求索的学人珍视的。
Chinese painting is the art treasure-house of Oriental culture in a very bright pearl, ages, it has been in development, like a long river, although, as stormy weather and floods fast, and sometimes stagnation addition to the gentle flowing rivers, but Did not occur stop (no development), which has been in development forward, forward, and finally pooled into today a mighty river of art, Chinese painting rally in the development of painting and the number of people to explore the crystallization of struggle, which requires Every one interested in Chinese paintings of people in search of treasure.
中国画,无论什么时代,什么内容,山水,花鸟,人物,都离不开传统。因为离开传统就是“无根之花、无源之水”。
Chinese paintings, no matter what age, what, landscapes, flowers and birds, figures, we can not do without the traditional. Because the traditional left is the "rootless flowers, passive water."
但是,中国画在“洋为中用,古为今用”过程中,越来越丧失民族特色。几年前,曾发生某画家的布幕国画被归类到油画展的事情,震惊了国画界……于是产生诸如“中国画末路穷途”、“笔墨等于零”等悲观论调。一位爱好中国画的以色列画家说,中国画应该是让我们喜欢中国画的人看起来还是中国画。
However, the Chinese paintings in the "foreign used by the Chinese, ancient by today's" process of increasing loss of national characteristics. A few years ago, had a painter's "Bumu Chinese painting" Oil Painting Exhibition to be classified matter, shocked the Chinese painting circles…… therefore produce such as "dead-end Chinese Painting" and "zero ink" and other pessimistic view. A Chinese painting of the Israel-loving painter said that China should be painted so that we like Chinese paintings of people look or Chinese painting.
传统的中国画以写意为主,擅长表现情感和意境,但在表现具体物象上较抽象。“把西方的造型观念融入到中国画中,提高中国画的表现范围和能力,是今天从事国画艺术的人所努力追求的。”中国美术协会中国画艺委会主任、花鸟画家郭怡宗认为,取长补短有利于中国画适应时代发展。但在发展过程中要防止中、西画界限越来越模糊。不少中国画与油画在构图、手法等方面有着惊人的相似,如果不被告知这是中国画,仅从模糊的幻灯片中判断,很自然地认为是油画。“这就是现今中国画面临的最大问题。”
Traditional Chinese painting to freehand brushwork mainly good at feelings and moods performance, but in the performance of specific than abstract images. "The Western concept of modeling into the Chinese paintings, Chinese paintings enhance the performance of the scope and capacity, is today engaged in the art of Chinese painting by the pursuit of efforts." Chinese Artists Association of China, director of the Hua Yi, Flowers and Birds Painting Jia Guo Yizong that is conducive to learning from Chinese paintings to the development of the times. However, in the development process to prevent Chinese and Western painting boundaries increasingly blurred. Many Chinese paintings and oil paintings in the composition, methods, and so has a surprisingly similar, if not been told this is the Chinese paintings, only vague slide in the judgement, it is natural that is painting. "This is the modern Chinese paintings of the greatest problems."
美术评论家刘曦林不无忧虑地说。以中国画为代表的东方绘画和以油画为代表的西方绘画,都在各自的发展道路上创造了无数辉煌:但由于东西方在思维模式、哲学基础以及美学观念等方面的差异。 在绘画上的不同十分明显。例如,尽管在绘画之初,东西方都是用线条来描绘物象的,但在以后的发展中,西画的“块面”和中国画在线条的观念和使用上,有了巨大的差别: 西方绘画逐渐走上了科学写实的道路,而中国绘画则走上了写意的道路:线条在两个绘画体系内的地位和作用也有了显著的分野。著名学者彭吉象先生曾对中西绘画的差异作了如下的概括:“如果中国绘画尚意,那么西方绘画尚形;中国 画重表现、重情感,西方绘画则重再现、重理性;中国绘画以线条作为主要造型手段,西方绘画则主要是由光和色来表现物象;中国绘画不受空间和时间的局限,西方绘画则严格遵守空间和时间的界限。总之,西方绘画注重再现与写实,同中国绘画注重表现与写意,形成鲜明差异”。
 Art critic Liu Xi Lin said with concern. Chinese painting as the representative of the Oriental paintings and oil paintings as the representative of Western painting, all in their path of development has created countless brilliant: But because the East and the West in mode of thinking, philosophy and aesthetic concepts, and so on the basis of the difference. In a different painting is very clear. For example, although in the beginning of painting, East-West lines are used to describe the images, but in the future development of Western painting of the "block face" in Chinese painting and the concept of lines and use, a huge difference: Western painting Gradually embarked on the path of scientific realism, and then embarked on a Chinese painting freehand brushwork of the road: two lines in the drawing system, the status and role of a significant distinction. Mr. Peng Jixiang a noted scholar of Chinese and Western painting have made the difference summed up as follows: "If China is still Italian painting, Western painting is still shape; Chinese painting-performance, heavy emotion, the weight of Western painting reproduction, re-rational; Chinese painting to Modeling lines as the main means of Western painting was mainly to performance by the light and color images; Chinese painting from the limitations of space and time, Western painting, strictly abide by the limits of space and time. In short, Western-oriented representation and realist painting, with the Chinese painting freehand brushwork and focus on performance, a sharp difference. "
中国画主要的特点是追求“诗情画意”——状物抒情与写实主义绘画的结合为基本创作风格,也是广大民众内心的审美追求,作者有感而发,受众由景入情,生动传神的细节刻画成为双方情感交流的信息载体。
The main characteristics of Chinese painting is the pursuit of "poetic" - bar lyric realism painting and the combination of the basic creative style, but also the vast number of people seeking heart of the aesthetic, emotional and revealed by the author in the works, received many scenes from entering a "story" Plot, vivid portrait as vivid details of the two sides (the author and readers) emotional exchange of information carrier.
(例如:顾绍骅创作的中国山水诗意画——《高士赴任图》    
For example: shaohua-gu poetic creativity of the Chinese landscape painting - "Goldsmith appointment map"
【赏析】高山仰止,瀑布飞泻;顶天立地,壁立千仞;初春时分,树木返青;朋友赴任,临别依依;……峻巍的山势造成动人心魄的效果,又仿佛从画面上“传出”飞瀑直下的轰鸣与寒风的掠过,交织在一起,使人感到自然造物之伟大。具有强烈的艺术感染力。
【Analyze 】high mountain's being the tallest be such of, water of the waterfalls flies from the air;That mountain is very big, top elephant connect day, underneath immediately after, the on the side of mountain is many elephant knifes to chop down to onely stand;In spring just inchoate time, the tree starts the color which changes into green;My good friend will go to original place an official, our preparation separate of time, all feel in a bad humor, mutually loathe to give up leave the other party;……That is very high big, dangerous of in plant and thick tree, weed...etc. in Tashan, the good elephant is obstructing my friendly friend right away.Imitate Fo to"spread" waterfalls to fly to flow to keep next huge voice and the sweep of bise from the appearance, the intertexture together makes the person feel natural build the greatness of thing.Have a strong art atmosphere.
有诗为证:俯仰不能去,如逢旧友同。曾因春雪散,见在华山中。何处有明月,访君听远风。相将归未得,各占石岩东。(唐朝·于邺的《友人亭松》诗意)
Poetry has to prove: stand up in the mountains, none can not go to see downward, as old friends met the same can not be separated. Because once the spring, melting snow, with friends in the "Mountain" in each other. There are bright moonlight, to ask you to the news from afar. Each other to be returned are uncertain what our respective occupation "Shiyan East."
此画采用以墨为主(墨分五色——焦、浓重、淡、清),“浅绛设色”、背面衬染的画法,因此有“不伤笔墨”古朴、高雅的等特点。
This painting used to ink the color of the main (five-ink color - Coke, thick, short, the Qing), "Qianjiang colors," lining into the back of the painting, it is "not injured ink" simple, The elegant and so on.
136×34cm   纸本设色    2007年作)中国画欣赏新译    11_图1-1










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