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COVID-19对员工工作不安全感的心理影响及其后果:组织适应性实践的缓解作用 ...

已有 99 次阅读2021-7-21 14:59 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:健康养生分享到微信

COVID-19对员工工作不安全感的心理影响及其后果:组织适应性实践的缓解作用

 

The psychological implications of COVID-19 on employee job insecurity and its consequences: The mitigating role of organization adaptive practices


原载:(美国)《应用心理学杂志》2021年第3期


【摘要】 本研究旨在了解COVID-19大流行对员工工作不安全感的不利影响及其后续结果,以及组织如何帮助减轻这种有害影响。基于事件系统理论和有关工作不安全感的文献,我们将COVID-19概念化为与员工工作相关的事件,并提出COVID-19的事件强度(即新颖性、颠覆性和关键性)会影响员工的工作不安全感,进而影响员工的工作结果和非工作结果。我们还在初步访谈研究的基础上确定了应对COVID-19的重要的组织适应性实践,并研究了其在缓解COVID-19事件强度的不良影响方面的作用。一项两阶段滞后调查研究的结果表明,员工感知到的COVID-19事件的新颖性和颠覆性(但不是关键性)与他们的工作不安全感呈正相关,这又与他们的情绪衰竭、组织偏差和节约行为呈正相关。此外,组织适应性实践减轻了COVID-19事件的新颖性和关键性(而非颠覆性)对工作不安全感的影响。本文还讨论了组织适应性实践对缓解covid19影响员工不安全感的相关理论意义与实践意义。

【关键词】COVID-19;工作不安全;事件系统理论;事件强度;组织实践

 

[Abstract] The current study aims to understand the detrimental effects of COVID-19 pandemic on employee job insecurity and its downstream outcomes, as well as how organizations could help alleviate such harmful effects. Drawing on event system theory and literature on job insecurity, we conceptualize COVID-19 as an event relevant to employees’ work, and propose that event strength (i.e., novelty, disruption, and criticality) of COVID-19 influences employee job insecurity, which in turn affects employee work and non-work outcomes. We also identified important organization adaptive practices responding to COVID-19based on a preliminary interview study, and examined its role in mitigating the undesired effects of COVID-19 event strength. Results from a two-wave lagged survey study indicated that employees’ perceived COVID-19 event novelty and disruption (but not criticality) were positively related to their job insecurity, which in turn was positively related to their emotional exhaustion, organizational deviance, and saving behavior. Moreover, organization adaptive practices mitigated the effects ofCOVID-19 event novelty and criticality (but not disruption) on job insecurity. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  [Key words] COVID-19; job insecurity; event system theory; event strength; organizational practice

 

论文原文:Lin, W., Shao, Y., Li, G., Guo, Y., & Zhan, X. (2021). The psychological implications of COVID-19 on employee job insecurity and its consequences: The mitigating role of organization adaptive practices. Journal of Applied Psychology, 106(3), 317–329.

 https://doi.org/10.1037/apl0000896

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