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中英对照— 《精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版(DSM-5)目录

热度 1已有 130417 次阅读2013-9-20 21:04 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:科技教育| DSM-5, 精神疾病分类, 心理健康 分享到微信

中英对照——精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版目录

 

美国精神病学会编,邓明昱博士译

 

English and Chinese ——the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), Classification

 

American Psychiatric Association

Translator: Dr. Mingyu Deng

 

《精神疾病诊断与统计手册》第5版(DSM-5)已于2013518日由美国精神病协会(APA)在美国正式出版,此本书的特点在于对某些精神疾病提高其诊断特异性标准(也就是诊断准严格要求排除真正没有精神疾病的人)且降低其诊断敏感性(亦即某些可能有精神疾患前驱症状不再被确诊为疾患)。除此之外,DSM-5尝试使用光谱系统(Spectrum),疾患将不再只是类别分类

为了帮助中国精神科医师、心理师和其他教学科研人员能够大致了解DSM-5,本人将其目录翻译成中文,供大家参考。也请有关同仁指正。

(请打开链接后下载附件)。

http://bbs.sciopsy.com/viewthread.php?tid=49931&page=1&extra=page%3D1#pid174801

 

Preface

前言

Section I: DSM-5 Basics

 

Introduction

Use of the Manual

Cautionary Statement for Forensic Use of DSM-5

第一节:DSM-5基础

 

介绍

手册的使用

法医使用DSM-5的警示声明

Section II: Diagnostic Criteria and Codes

 

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)

Global Developmental Delay

Unspecified Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)

 

Communication Disorders

Language Disorder

Speech Sound Disorder (previously Phonological Disorder)

Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering)

Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder

Unspecified Communication Disorder

 

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

 

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Other Specified Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Unspecified Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

 

Specific Learning Disorder

Specific Learning Disorder

 

Motor Disorders

Developmental Coordination Disorder

Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Tic Disorders

Tourette’s Disorder

Persistent (Chronic) Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder

Provisional Tic Disorder

Other Specified Tic Disorder

Unspecified Tic Disorder

 

Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Other Specified Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Unspecified Neurodevelopmental Disorder

 

Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

Schizotypal (Personality) Disorder

Delusional Disorder

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Schizophreniform Disorder

Schizophrenia

Schizoaffective Disorder

Substance/Medication-Induced Psychotic Disorder

Psychotic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

 

Catatonia

Catatonia Associated With Another Mental Disorder (Catatonia Specifier)

Catatonic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Unspecified Catatonia

Other Specified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder

Unspecified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder

 

Bipolar and Related Disorders

Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar II Disorder

Cyclothymic Disorder

Substance/Medication-Induced Bipolar and Related Disorder

Bipolar and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Bipolar and Related Disorder

Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorder

 

Depressive Disorders

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder, Single and Recurrent Episodes

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Substance/Medication-Induced Depressive Disorder

Depressive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Depressive Disorder

Unspecified Depressive Disorder

 

Anxiety Disorders

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Selective Mutism

Specific Phobia

Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)

Panic Disorder

Panic Attack (Specifier)

Agoraphobia

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Substance/Medication-Induced Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Anxiety Disorder

Unspecified Anxiety Disorder

 

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Hoarding Disorder

Trichotillomania (Hair-Pulling Disorder)

Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder

Substance/Medication-Induced Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder

Unspecified Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder

 

Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

Reactive Attachment Disorder

Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Acute Stress Disorder

Adjustment Disorders

Other Specified Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorder

Unspecified Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorder

 

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Amnesia

Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

Other Specified Dissociative Disorder

Unspecified Dissociative Disorder

 

Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

Somatic Symptom Disorder

Illness Anxiety Disorder

Conversion Disorder (Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder)

Psychological Factors Affecting Other Medical Conditions

Factitious Disorder

Other Specified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorder

Unspecified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorder

 

Feeding and Eating Disorders

Pica

Rumination Disorder

Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

Anorexia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa

Binge-Eating Disorder

Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder

Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder

Elimination Disorders

Enuresis

Encopresis

Other Specified Elimination Disorder

Unspecified Elimination Disorder

 

Sleep-Wake Disorders

Insomnia Disorder

Hypersomnolence Disorder

Narcolepsy

 

Breathing-Related Sleep Disorders

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea

Central Sleep Apnea

Sleep-Related Hypoventilation

 

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders

 

Parasomnias

Non–Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Arousal Disorders

Sleepwalking

Sleep Terrors

Nightmare Disorder

Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder

 

Restless Legs Syndrome

Substance/Medication-Induced Sleep Disorder

 

Other Specified Insomnia Disorder

Unspecified Insomnia Disorder

Other Specified Hypersomnolence Disorder

Unspecified Hypersomnolence Disorder

Other Specified Sleep-Wake Disorder

Unspecified Sleep-Wake Disorder

 

Sexual Dysfunctions

Delayed Ejaculation

Erectile Disorder

Female Orgasmic Disorder

Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder

Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder

Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder

Premature (Early) Ejaculation

Substance/Medication-Induced Sexual Dysfunction

Other Specified Sexual Dysfunction

Unspecified Sexual Dysfunction

 

Gender Dysphoria

Gender Dysphoria

Other Specified Gender Dysphoria

Unspecified Gender Dysphoria

 

Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Intermittent Explosive Disorder

Conduct Disorder

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Pyromania

Kleptomania

Other Specified Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorder

Unspecified Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorder

 

Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders

 

Substance-Related Disorders

Substance Use Disorders

Substance-Induced Disorders

Substance Intoxication and Withdrawal

Substance/Medication-Induced Mental Disorders

 

Alcohol-Related Disorders

Alcohol Use Disorder

Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol Withdrawal

Other Alcohol-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Alcohol-Related Disorder

 

Caffeine-Related Disorders

Caffeine Intoxication

Caffeine Withdrawal

Other Caffeine-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Caffeine-Related Disorder

 

Cannabis-Related Disorders

Cannabis Use Disorder

Cannabis Intoxication

Cannabis Withdrawal

Other Cannabis-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Cannabis-Related Disorder

 

Hallucinogen-Related Disorders

Phencyclidine Use Disorder

Other Hallucinogen Use Disorder

Phencyclidine Intoxication

Other Hallucinogen Intoxication

Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

Other Phencyclidine-Induced Disorders

Other Hallucinogen-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Phencyclidine-Related Disorder

Unspecified Hallucinogen-Related Disorder

 

Inhalant-Related Disorders

Inhalant Use Disorder

Inhalant Intoxication

Other Inhalant-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Inhalant-Related Disorder

 

Opioid-Related Disorders

Opioid Use Disorder

Opioid Intoxication

Opioid Withdrawal

Other Opioid-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Opioid-Related Disorder

 

Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic-Related Disorders

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorder

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Intoxication

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Withdrawal

Other Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic -Related Disorder

 

Stimulant-Related Disorders

Stimulant Use Disorder

Stimulant Intoxication

Stimulant Withdrawal

Other Stimulant-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Stimulant-Related Disorder

 

Tobacco-Related Disorders

Tobacco Use Disorder

Tobacco Withdrawal

Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders

Unspecified Tobacco-Related Disorder

 

Other (or Unknown) Substance–Related Disorders

Other (or Unknown) Substance Use Disorder

Other (or Unknown) Substance Intoxication

Other (or Unknown) Substance Withdrawal

Other (or Unknown) SubstanceInduced Disorders

Unspecified Other (or Unknown) SubstanceRelated Disorder

 

Non-Substance-Related Disorders

Gambling Disorder

 

Neurocognitive Disorders

Delirium

Other Specified Delirium

Unspecified Delirium

 

Major and Mild Neurocognitive Disorders

Major Neurocognitive Disorder

Mild Neurocognitive Disorder

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Alzheimer’s Disease

Major or Mild Frontotemporal Neurocognitive Disorder

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder With Lewy Bodies

Major or Mild Vascular Neurocognitive Disorder

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Traumatic Brain Injury

Substance/Medication-Induced Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to HIV Infection

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Prion Disease

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Parkinson’s Disease

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Huntington’s Disease

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Major or Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Multiple Etiologies

Unspecified Neurocognitive Disorder

 

Personality Disorders

General Personality Disorder

 

Cluster A Personality Disorders

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

 

Cluster B Personality Disorders

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

 

Cluster C Personality Disorders

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Dependent Personality Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

 

Other Personality Disorders

Personality Change Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Personality Disorder

Unspecified Personality Disorder

 

Paraphilic Disorders

Voyeuristic Disorder

Exhibitionistic Disorder

Frotteuristic Disorder

Sexual Masochism Disorder

Sexual Sadism Disorder

Pedophilic Disorder

Fetishistic Disorder

Transvestic Disorder

Other Specified Paraphilic Disorder

Unspecified Paraphilic Disorder

 

Other Mental Disorders

Other Specified Mental Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Unspecified Mental Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Other Specified Mental Disorder

Unspecified Mental Disorder

 

Medication-Induced Movement Disorders and Other Adverse Effects of Medication

 

Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention

 

第二节:基本要素:诊断标准和代码

 

神经发育障碍

智力发展障碍

智力残疾(智力发育障碍)

 

整体发展迟缓

未说明智力发展障碍

 

 

交流性障碍  

语言性障碍  

谈话性语音障碍(以前的口吃障碍)  

 

儿童期发病的流畅性障碍(口吃)  

社会(应用)交流性障碍  

未特定的交流性障碍 

 

自闭症谱系障碍  

自闭症谱系障碍 

 

注意缺陷/多动障碍 

注意缺陷/多动障碍

其他特定的注意缺陷/多动障碍

未特定的注意缺陷/多动障碍

 

特殊学习障碍 

特殊学习障碍

 

运动障碍  

发展性协调障碍  

刻板性运动障碍  

抽动障碍  

面肌和声带抽动障碍  

持久(慢性)运动或发声抽动障碍

一过性抽动障碍

其他特定的抽动障碍 

未特定的抽动障碍  

 

其他神经发育障碍 

其他特定的神经发育障碍  

未特定的神经发育障碍

 

精神分裂症谱系和其他精神病性障碍

  

分裂型(人格)障碍  

妄想性障碍

短暂的精神病性障碍  

分裂样障碍  

精神分裂症  

情感性分裂障碍  

物质/药物引起精神障碍  

由于其他医疗条件所致的精神障碍  

 

紧张症

紧张症并其他精神障碍(紧张症详细说明)

 

由于其他医疗条件所致的紧张性障碍

定的紧张症  

其他特定的精神分裂症谱系和其他精神病性障碍  

定的精神分裂症谱系和其他精神病性障碍

 

双相及相关障碍

第一型双相障碍

第二型双相障碍

环性情感性障碍

物质/药物引起的双相及相关障碍

 

由于其他医疗条件所致的双相及相关障碍

 

其他定的双相及相关障碍  

定的双相及相关障碍

 

抑郁障碍

破坏性情绪失调障碍  

重度抑郁障碍,单次和反复发作  

持久性抑郁障碍(心境)  

经前苦恼障碍  

物质/药物引起的抑郁障碍  

由于其他医疗条件所致的抑郁障碍

其他定的抑郁障碍  

定的抑郁障碍

 

焦虑障碍

分离性焦虑障碍  

选择性缄默症  

特定的恐怖症  

社交焦虑障碍(社交恐怖症)  

恐慌障碍  

惊恐发作(详细说明)  

广场恐怖症  

广泛性焦虑障碍  

物质/药物诱发的焦虑障碍

由于其他医疗条件所致的焦虑障碍

其他定的焦虑障碍

定的焦虑障碍

 

强迫及相关障碍

强迫性障碍  

躯体变形障碍  

囤积障碍  

拔毛症(拔头发障碍)  

剥皮(皮肤采摘)障碍  

物质/药物引起的强迫及相关障碍

  

由于其他医疗条件所致的强迫及相关障碍

 

其他定的强迫和相关障碍

  

的强迫和相关障碍

 

创伤和应激相关的障碍

反应性依恋障碍  

去抑制性社会参与障碍

创伤后应激障碍  

急性应激障碍  

适应障碍  

其他定的创伤和应激相关障碍  

定的创伤和应激相关障碍

 

分离性障碍

分离性身份障碍  

分离性遗忘症  

人格解体/失实障碍  

其他特定的分离性障碍  

未特定的分离性障碍

 

躯体症状及相关障碍

躯体性症状障碍  

疾患焦虑障碍

转换性障碍(功能神经性症状障碍)  

 

心理因素影响的其他医学状况

人为障碍

其他定的躯体症状和相关的障碍  

未特定的躯体症状和相关的障碍

 

喂食与饮食障碍

异食症

反刍障碍  

回避/限制食物摄入量障碍  

神经性厌食症  

暴食症  

暴饮暴食障碍

其他特定的喂食和饮食失调症  

未特定的喂食和饮食失调症

排泄障碍

夜尿  

大便失禁  

其他特定的排泄障碍  

未特定的排泄障碍

 

睡眠-觉醒障碍

失眠障碍

嗜睡障碍

发作性嗜睡症

 

与呼吸相关的睡眠障碍

阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气症

中央性睡眠呼吸暂停症

睡眠相关的通气不足

 

昼夜节律睡眠觉醒障碍

 

异睡症

非快速眼动睡眠觉醒障碍

  梦游症

  夜惊症

梦魇障碍

快速眼动睡眠行为障碍

 

多动腿综合征

物质/药物诱导睡眠的障碍

 

其他特定的失眠障碍

未特定的失眠障碍

其他特定嗜睡障碍

未特定的嗜睡障碍

其他特定的睡眠-觉醒障碍

未特定的睡眠-觉醒障碍

 

性功能障碍

延迟射精

勃起功能障碍

女性性高潮障碍

女性性趣/性欲障碍

生殖器-盆腔的疼痛/侵入障碍

男性性欲减退障碍

早泄

物质/药物引起的性功能障碍

其他特定的性功能障碍

未特定的性功能障碍

 

性别苦恼症

性別苦恼症  

其他定的性别苦恼症

未特定的性別苦恼症

 

破坏性的,冲动控制和行为障碍

对立违抗性障碍

间歇性爆发性障碍

品行障碍

反社会人格障碍

纵火症

盗窃症

其他特定的破坏性,冲动控制和行为障碍

 

未特定的破坏性,冲动控制和行为障碍

 

 

物质相关和成瘾性障碍

 

物质相关性障碍

使用物质所致的障碍

物质诱发性障碍

物质中毒和戒断

物质/药物诱发的心理障碍

 

酒精相关障碍

饮酒障碍

酒精中毒

酒精戒断

其他酒精诱发的障碍

未特定的酒精相关障碍

 

咖啡因相关障碍 

咖啡因中毒

咖啡因戒断

其他咖啡因诱发的障碍

未特定的咖啡因相关障碍

 

大麻相关障碍

吸食大麻障碍

大麻中毒

大麻戒断

其他大麻诱发的障碍

未特定的大麻相关障碍

 

致幻剂相关障碍

使用苯环己哌啶所致的障碍

使用其他致幻剂所致的障碍

苯环己哌啶中毒

其他致幻剂中毒

致幻剂引起的持久性知觉障碍

其他苯环己哌啶诱发的障碍

其他致幻剂诱发的障碍

未特定的苯环己哌啶相关障碍

未特定的致幻剂相关障碍

 

吸入性药物相关障碍

使用吸入性药物所致的障碍

吸入性药物中毒

其他吸入性药物诱发的障碍

未特定的吸入性药物相关障碍

 

阿片类物质相关障碍

使用阿片类物质所致的障碍

阿片类物质中毒

阿片类物质戒断

其他阿片类物质诱发的障碍

未特定的阿片类物质相关障碍

 

镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物相关障碍

使用镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物所致障碍

镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物中毒

镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物戒断

其他镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物诱发的障碍

 

未特定的镇静、催眠、或抗焦虑药物相关障碍

 

兴奋剂相关障碍

使用兴奋剂所致的障碍

兴奋剂中毒

兴奋剂戒断

其他兴奋剂诱发的障碍

未特定的兴奋剂相关障碍

 

烟草相关障碍

使用烟草所致的障碍

烟草戒断

其他烟草诱发的障碍

未特定的烟草相关障碍

 

其他(或未知)的物质相关障碍

使用其他(或未知)物质所致的障碍

其他(或未知)的物质中毒

其他(或未知)的物质戒断

其他(或未知)的物质诱发的障碍

未特定的其他(或未知)的物质相关障碍

 

 

非物质的相关障碍

赌博障碍

 

神经认知障碍

谵妄

其他特定的谵妄

未特定的谵妄

  

重度和轻度的神经认知障碍

重度的神经认知障碍

轻度的神经认知障碍

由于阿尔茨海默氏病导致的重度或轻度的神经认知障碍

重度或轻度的额颞叶神经认知障碍

重度或轻度的路易氏体型神经认知障碍

重度或轻度血管性神经认知障碍

由于脑损伤导致的重度或轻度的神经认知障碍

物质/药物诱发的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

 

由于艾滋病毒HIV感染导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

由于朊病毒病导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

由于帕金森氏病导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

由于亨廷顿氏病导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

由于其他医疗条件导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

由于多种病因导致的重度或轻度神经认知障碍

未特定的神经认知障碍

 

人格障碍

一般的人格障碍

 

人格障碍A

偏执型人格障碍

分裂样人格障碍

分裂型人格障碍

 

人格障碍 B

反社会型人格障碍

边缘型人格障碍

表演型人格障碍

自恋型人格障碍

 

人格障碍 C

回避型人格障碍

依赖型人格障碍

强迫性人格障碍

 

其他人格障碍

由于其他医疗条件所致的人格障碍

其他特定人格障碍

未特定的人格障碍

 

性偏好异常症

窥淫障碍  

露阴障碍  

摩擦障碍  

性受虐障碍  

性施虐障碍  

恋童障碍  

恋物障碍  

异性装扮障碍  

其他指定的性偏好异常症  

未指定的性偏好异常症

 

其他心理障碍

由其他医疗条件所致的其他特定的心理障碍

 

由其他医疗条件所致的未特定的心理障碍

  

其他特定的心理障碍

未特定的心理障碍

 

药物诱发的运动障碍及其它药物的不良反应

 

 

其他情况,可能成为临床关注的焦点

Section III: Emerging Measures and Models

 

Assessment Measures

Cross-Cutting Symptom Measures

DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure—Adult

Parent/Guardian-Rated DSM-5 Level 1 Cross- Cutting Symptom Measure—Child Age 6–17

Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity

World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0)

 

Cultural Formulation

Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI)

Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI)—Informant Version

 

Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders

 

Conditions for Further Study

Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome

Depressive Episodes With Short-Duration Hypomania

Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder

Caffeine Use Disorder

Internet Gaming Disorder

Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

Suicidal Behavior Disorder

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

第三节  新兴的测量方法与模式

 

评估测量

横截面测量

  DSM-5自测水平1横截面测量成人

     

    父母/监护人测查DSM-5水平1横截面测量—6-17岁儿童

临床医生测查精神病症状的严重程度

  

世界卫生组织的残疾评估表2.0

 

 

文化构想

文化构想晤谈

文化构想晤谈——被调查者版本

 

DSM-5关于人格障碍的替代模式

 

进一步研究的疾患

弱型精神病综合征

抑郁发作并短时轻躁狂

持久复杂的居丧障碍

咖啡因导致的障碍

网络游戏障碍

与神经行为障碍相关的胎儿酒精综合征

 

自杀行为障碍

非自杀性自我伤害

Appendix

附录

 










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