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在COVID-19危机期间,休眠关系的重新激活是对压力源的一种附属应对措施 ...

已有 106 次阅读2021-8-3 18:56 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

在COVID-19危机期间,休眠关系的重新激活是对压力源的一种附属应对措施

 

Dormant tie reactivation as an affiliative coping response to stressors during the COVID-19 crisis


(原文载美国《应用心理学杂志》(JAP)2021年第106卷第4期)


【摘要】本研究从附属应对理论的角度出发,考察了工作的成年人是否重新激活了与他们至少3年没有联系过的人的休眠关系,以应对由于COVID-19大流行而产生的压力。以美国东南部232个工作的成年人为样本,研究了源于工作场所(工作不安全和远程工作)和家庭(紧张的家庭社会关系)的压力。当工作不安全时,个体更有可能重新激活他们的休眠关系,而且在经历了与家庭成员的压力性社会关系的人中,重新激活的程度比没有经历这些压力的人要大。我们还发现,在休眠纽带的重新激活中,远程工作和家庭内有压力的纽带之间存在着显著的交互作用。虽然以往的理论主要集中在频繁的、积极的社会关系对应对的好处上,但我们的结果表明,重新激活休眠纽带也可能是一种应对机制。我们的研究还表明,工作场所休眠纽带的研究应该扩大其重点,不仅关注交换工具性的支持,还要考虑在重新激活期间可能转移的情感支持。

【关键词】应对; 压力源; 休眠关系; 社交网络; 2019冠状病毒病大流行

 

[Abstract] This study takes an affiliative coping theory perspective to examine whether working adults reactivated dormant ties with individuals they had not contacted for at least 3 years to cope with stressors experienced due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Stressors originating in the workplace (job insecurity and remote work) and in the family (stressful familial social ties) were examined in a sample of 232working adults in the southeastern United States. Individuals were more likely to reactivate their dormant ties when their job was insecure, and the magnitude of the reactivations was greater among individuals experiencing stressful social ties with family members than those not experiencing those stressors. We also found that there was a significant interaction between remote work and having a stressful tie within the household in dormant tie reactivation. Although previous theory has focused mostly on the benefits of frequent, active social relationships for coping, our results suggest that reactivating dormant ties might be a coping mechanism as well. Our study also suggests that workplace dormant tie research should broaden its focus beyond exchanged instrumental support to consider emotional support that might be transferred during reactivation.

  【Key words】 coping; stressors; dormant ties; social networks; COVID-19 pandemic


    论文原文:Yang, S. W., Soltis, S. M., Ross, J. R., & Labianca, G. (J.).(2021). Dormant tie reactivation as an affiliative coping response to stressors during the COVID-19 crisis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 106(4), 489–500. https://doi.org/10.1037/apl0000909










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