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美国学校对性健康教育的大力支持:对2000年至2016年间进行的23项调查的元分析 ...

已有 118 次阅读2022-6-16 17:09 |个人分类:性学、性健康、性教育|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

美国学校对性健康教育的大力支持:2000年至2016年间进行的23项调查的元分析

Overwhelming Support for Sexual Health Education in U.S. Schools: A Meta-Analysis of 23 Surveys Conducted Between 2000 and 2016


——原载美国《青少年健康杂志》, 2022年第70卷第4期——

<Journal of Adolescent Health>, 2022, 70 (4)


  【摘要】目的:调查表明,公众(即成年人或父母)支持学校的性健康教育。然而,美国提供性教育的学校数量持续下降。本研究的目的是对美国具有代表性的调查进行荟萃分析,以汇总估计公众对学校性健康教育的支持情况。方法:对三个数据库(MedlinePsycInfoERIC)进行了系统搜索,以确定2000年至2016年间成人和家长对学校性健康教育态度的调查。通过R中的隐喻包在OpenMetaAnalyst中使用DerSimonian-Laird随机效应模型来解释调查之间的异质性。结果:共有23篇论文符合研究纳入和排除标准,代表15次对公众进行的独特概率调查。在纳入的调查中,14项是全国性的,11项包括父母或父母人数过多。在所有调查结果中,88.7%95%置信区间=86.2-91.2)的受访者支持性健康教育。在仅包括父母或对父母进行过度抽样的调查中,90.0%95%置信区间=86.5-93.4)支持性健康教育,在具有全国代表性的调查中,87.7%95%置信区间= 85.1-90.6)的受访者支持性健康教育健康教育。结论:这些调查结果表明,学校提供的性健康教育得到了压倒性的支持。需要进行额外的研究来确定对通过课堂教学提供的特定性健康教育主题和技能的支持的个体差异。

   【关键词】 性健康教育;性教育;青少年;父母;公众支持;公众意见;调查


    [Abstract] Purpose: Surveys suggest that the general public (i.e., adults or parents) supports sexual health education in schools. However, the number of schools providing sex education continues to decline in the United States. The purpose of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of U.S.-based representative surveys to provide a pooled estimate of public support for sexual health education delivered in schools. Methods: A systematic search of three databases (Medline, PsycInfo, and ERIC) was conducted to identify survey measuring adult and parent attitudes toward sexual health education in school between 2000 and 2016. Meta-analyses were conducted in OpenMetaAnalyst via the metaphor package in R using a DerSimonian-Laird random effect models to account for heterogeneity between surveys. Results: A total of 23 citations met study inclusion and exclusion criteria, representing 15 unique probability surveys conducted with the public. Among the included surveys, 14 were nationwide and 11 included parents or an overrepresentation of parents. Across all survey findings, 88.7% (95% confidence interval = 86.2–91.2) of respondents supported sexual health education. Among surveys that only included parents or oversampled for parents, 90.0% (95% confidence interval = 86.5–93.4) supported sexual health education, and among nationally representative surveys, 87.7% (95% confidence interval = 85.1–90.6) of respondents supported sexual health education. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate overwhelming support for sexual health education delivered in schools. Additional research is needed to determine individual differences in support for specific sexual health education topics and skills delivered through classroom-based instruction.

  [Key words] Sexual health education; Sex education; Adolescents; Parents; Public support; Public opinion; Survey


    论文原文:Leigh E. Szucs, Christopher R. Harper, Jack Andrzejewski, Lisa C. Barrios, Leah Robin, Pete Hunt (2022). Overwhelming Support for Sexual Health Education in U.S. Schools: A Meta-Analysis of 23 Surveys Conducted Between 2000 and 2016. Journal of Adolescent Health, 70 (4) : 598-606. 

   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.05.016 


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