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“人们为什么做爱?”对中学生关于性健康的匿名问题的分析 ...

已有 103 次阅读2024-6-13 16:09 |个人分类:性学、性健康、性教育|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

“人们为什么做爱?”对中学生关于性健康的匿名问题的分析 

Why do people do sex?” an analysis of middle school students’ anonymous questions about sexual health

 

——原载《性教育》2024年第24卷第4期——

<Sex Education>, Volume 24, Issue 4, 2024

 

【摘要】性健康教育应满足所有学生的需求。教育工作者可以使用一种策略来确保教学满足学生的需求,即鼓励学生提交匿名问题,让学生在无需担心老师或同学反应的情况下获取信息。我们调查了美国俄亥俄州中学(7年级,12-13岁)学生在性健康教育课程中提交的匿名问题。问题(n=893)分为12个类别:生殖解剖学(n=186)、LGBTQ+相关话题(n=130)、性行为(n=120)、课堂相关问题(n=99)、怀孕(n=78)、俚语(n=52)、性传播感染(n=44)、保护/节育(n=33)、关系(n=19)、同意(n=14)、健康服务(n=9)、禁欲(n=1)和不相关的问题/评论(n=108)。对问题进行分类后,我们对三大类别(生殖解剖学、LGBTQ+相关话题、性行为)进行了主题分析。结果显示,学生想知道他们身体过程和功能的正常性。学生还表达了对LGBTQ+相关话题的担忧,并内化了社会规范。学生关于性行为的问题表明他们想更多地了解性的目的和过程,例如人们如何进行性交。研究结果强调了对青少年早期进行包容、全面和医学上准确的性健康教育的必要性。我们讨论了对学生健康/福祉、教育者发展和学校工作人员的影响。

【关键词】中学;匿名问题;学校健康;青少年;性教育;LGBTQ

 

[Abstract] Sexual health education should meet the needs of all students. One strategy educators can use to ensure instruction meets students’ needs is to encourage the submission of anonymous questions, allowing students to gain information without fear of instructor or peer reactions. We investigated anonymous questions submitted by middle school (7th-grade, ages 12-13) students during a sexual health education curriculum in Ohio, USA. Questions (n=893) were organised into 12 categories: reproductive anatomy (n=186), LGBTQ+topics (n=130), sexual behaviour (n=120), class-related questions (n=99), pregnancy (n=78), slang (n=52), STIs (n=44), protection/birth control (n=33), relationships (n=19), consent (n=14), health services (n=9), abstinence (n=1), and unrelated questions/comments (n=108). After categorising questions, we conducted thematic analysis with the three largest categories (reproductive anatomy, LGBTQ+ topics, sexual behaviour). Results revealed students wanted to know about the normality of the processes and functions of their bodies. Students also expressed concern and had internalised social norms about LGBTQ+ topics. Student questions about sexual behaviour suggested they wanted to learn more about the purposes and processes of sex, e.g., how people have intercourse. Findings underscore the need for inclusive, comprehensive and medically accurate sexual health education for early adolescents. We discuss implications for student health/well-being, educator development, and school staff.

[Key words] middle school; anonymous questions; school health; adolescents; sex education; LGBTQ

 

论文原文:Yvonne Allsop, Arianna Black &ric M. Anderman (2024). “Why do people do sex?” an analysis of middle school students’ anonymous questions about sexual health. Sex Education, Volume 24, Issue 4, Pages 460-478.

https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2023.2217760

 

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