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COVID-19大流行期间大学生焦虑症的患病率:一项系统评价

已有 178 次阅读2022-1-7 17:23 |个人分类:心理学、心理健康、心理咨询|系统分类:科技教育分享到微信

COVID-19大流行期间大学生焦虑症的患病率:一项系统评价

 

Prevalence of Anxiety in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review

 

—原载《国际环境研究与公共卫生杂志》2022年第19卷第1期—

<International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health>2022, , 19(1)

 

【摘要】尽管大学生心理障碍的风险很高,但缺乏关于大学生焦虑症患病率的证据综合。我们进行了定量系统评价,以估计COVID-19大流行期间大学生焦虑的全球流行率。从2020年9月至2021年2月,我们使用PRISMA指南对PubMed、Scopus和PsycINFO的横断面研究进行了系统搜索。共纳入36项研究,使用随机效应模型计算焦虑的汇总比例.对焦虑患病率估计的荟萃分析得出的总患病率为41%(95%CI=0.34-0.49),具有统计学显着性证据表明研究间异质性(Q=80801.97,I2=100%,p≤0.0001)。亚组分析报告称,亚洲的焦虑患病率为33%(95%CI:0.25-0.43),欧洲的焦虑患病率为 51%(95%CI:0.44-0.59),美国最高的焦虑患病率为56%(95%CI:0.44–0.67)。一项基于性别的亚组分析报告称,女性的焦虑患病率为 43%(95%CI:0.29-0.58),而男性的焦虑患病率为 39%(95%CI:0.29-0.50)。研究结果显示,大学生的焦虑症似乎很高,这表明在这次大流行期间心理健康负担增加。

【关键词】大学生;新冠病;焦虑;压力;精神健康

 

[Abstract] There is a dearth of evidence synthesis on the prevalence of anxiety among university students even though the risk of psychological disorders among this population is quite high. We conducted a quantitative systematic review to estimate the global prevalence of anxiety among university students during the COVID-19pandemic. A systematic search for cross-sectional studies on PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO, using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted from September 2020 to February 2021. A total of 36 studies were included, using a random-effects model to calculate the pooled proportion of anxiety. A meta-analysis of the prevalence estimate of anxiety yielded a summary prevalence of 41% (95% CI =0.34–0.49), with statistically significant evidence of between-study heterogeneity (Q = 80801.97, I2 = 100%, p ≤ 0.0001). A subgroup analysis reported anxiety prevalence in Asia as 33% (95% CI:0.25–0.43), the prevalence of anxiety in Europe as 51% (95% CI: 0.44–0.59), and the highest prevalence of anxiety in the USA as 56% (95% CI: 0.44–0.67). A subgroup gender-based analysis reported the prevalence of anxiety in females as 43% (95% CI:0.29–0.58)compared to males with an anxiety prevalence of 39% (95% CI:0.29–0.50).University students seem to have a high prevalence of anxiety, indicating an increased mental health burden during this pandemic.

[Key words] university students; COVID-19; anxiety; stress; mental health

 

论文原文:Shefali Liyanage, Kiran Saqib, Amber Fozia Khan, Tijhiana Rose Thobani, Wang-Choi Tang, Cameron B. Chiarot, Bara’ Abdallah AlShurman and Zahid Ahmad Butt (2022).Prevalence of Anxiety in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19 (1): 62. ​

https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010062

 

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